urology doctor in kolkata

Understanding Stone Disorders: Comprehensive Guide

Introduction to Stone Disorders

Stone disorders, commonly known as kidney stones or urolithiasis, are one of the most prevalent urological conditions affecting millions worldwide. As a leading urologist in Kolkata, Dr. Bivek Kumar specializes in diagnosing, treating, and managing stone disorders, ensuring patients receive the highest quality of care.

What Are Stone Disorders?

Stone disorders refer to the formation of solid masses composed of crystals in the kidneys or urinary tract. These stones can vary in size, shape, and composition, leading to a range of symptoms and complications.

Types of Stone Disorders

Understanding the different types of kidney stones is crucial for effective treatment. The primary types include:

  1. Calcium Stones: The most common type, often composed of calcium oxalate or calcium phosphate.
  2. Struvite Stones: Usually formed in response to urinary tract infections.
  3. Uric Acid Stones: Typically develop in people with a high-protein diet or those with gout.
  4. Cystine Stones: Rare and usually occur in individuals with a genetic disorder called cystinuria.

Causes and Risk Factors

Various factors contribute to the formation of kidney stones, including:

  • Dehydration: Inadequate fluid intake leads to concentrated urine, promoting stone formation.
  • Diet: High intake of oxalate-rich foods, salt, and animal proteins.
  • Genetics: Family history of kidney stones increases the risk.
  • Medical Conditions: Conditions like hyperparathyroidism, gout, and urinary tract infections.
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Symptoms of Stone Disorders

Kidney stones can cause severe pain and discomfort. Common symptoms include:

  • Intense pain in the back or side
  • Blood in the urine
  • Frequent urination
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Pain during urination

Diagnosing Stone Disorders

Dr. Bivek Kumar employs advanced diagnostic tools to accurately identify the presence, size, and location of kidney stones. Diagnostic methods include:

  • Imaging Tests: CT scans, X-rays, and ultrasounds.
  • Urine and Blood Tests: To detect abnormalities that may contribute to stone formation.

Stone Disorder Treatment in Kolkata

Treatment for kidney stones varies based on the size, type, and location of the stone. Dr. Bivek Kumar offers a range of treatment options, including:

  1. Medication: To manage pain and facilitate stone passage.
  2. Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL): Uses shock waves to break stones into smaller pieces.
  3. Ureteroscopy: A minimally invasive procedure to remove stones using a ureteroscope.
  4. Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL): A surgical procedure for large stones that cannot be treated with other methods.

Prevention and Lifestyle Modifications

Preventing kidney stones involves lifestyle changes and medical management. Dr. Bivek Kumar emphasizes the importance of:

  • Hydration: Drinking plenty of fluids to dilute urine.
  • Dietary Changes: Reducing intake of salt, oxalate-rich foods, and animal proteins.
  • Medications: Prescribed to prevent recurrence in high-risk patients.

Expert Opinions and Patient Education

Dr. Bivek Kumar believes in educating patients about kidney stone prevention and management. He collaborates with nutritionists and other healthcare professionals to provide comprehensive care. Here are some expert tips:

  • Stay Hydrated: Aim to drink at least 2-3 liters of water daily.
  • Balanced Diet: Incorporate a diet low in oxalate and rich in calcium from dietary sources.
  • Regular Check-ups: Regular monitoring and follow-up with your urologist.

Why Choose Dr. Bivek Kumar for Stone Disorder Treatment in Kolkata?

Dr. Bivek Kumar is renowned for his expertise in urology and dedication to patient care. With years of experience, he offers personalized treatment plans tailored to each patient’s needs. His approach combines advanced medical techniques with compassionate care, ensuring optimal outcomes for patients.


Stone disorders can be a painful and disruptive condition, but with the right care and management, patients can achieve relief and improved quality of life. Dr. Bivek Kumar’s expertise in urology, combined with his patient-centered approach, makes him a leading choice for individuals seeking stone disorder treatment in Kolkata.

Book an Appointment

Ready to take the next step? Book an appointment with one of our experienced urologists today to start your journey towards effective stone disorder treatment.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  • Common symptoms include intense pain in the back or side, blood in the urine, frequent urination, nausea, vomiting, and pain during urination.
  • Dr. Bivek Kumar uses advanced diagnostic tools such as CT scans, X-rays, ultrasounds, and urine and blood tests to diagnose kidney stones.
  • Treatment options include medication, Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL), ureteroscopy, and Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL).
  • Dr. Bivek Kumar offers personalized treatment plans, advanced medical techniques, and compassionate care, ensuring optimal outcomes for patients.
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